# Assertion Reason MCQs of Introduction Microeconomics class 11

Looking for important MCQs of Introduction chapter 1 of Microeconomics with answers and solutions of class 11 CBSE and State Board.

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## Multiple Choice Questions of Introduction chapter with solutions of Microeconomics class 11 CBSE

Let’s Practice

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Tools of microeconomics are demand and supply.

Reason (R): Microeconomics studies the behaviour of individual units of an economy.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – b)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Production Possibility Frontier (PPF) is a concave-shaped curve.

Reason (R): PPF shows all the maximum possible combinations of two goods, which can be produced with the available resources and technology.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – b)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Human wants differ in priorities.

Reason (R): For every individual, some wants are more important and urgent as compared to others

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Macroeconomics is also known as Income and Employment Theory.

Reason (R): Macroeconomics aims to determine income and employment level of the economy.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Positive Economics avoids economic value judgments.

Reason (R): Positive Statements can be verified as true or false by comparing with actual data.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – b)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Sun rises in the east is a positive statement.

Reason (R): Positive statements are based upon facts and figures.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Microeconomics is the study of an individual unit of a commodity.

Reason (R): The basic tools of microeconomics are demand and supply.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – b)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Opportunity cost is also known as opportunity lost.

Reason (R): Opportunity cost is the amount of next best alternative sacrifice to gain an additional unit of hte commodity.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Scarcity is the mother of all economic problems

Reason (R): Scarcity and choice go hand in hand.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – b)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Positive economics deals with what is, what was and what will ought to be.

Reason (R): Positive economics is based upon facts and figures.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – b)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Tools of microeconomics are demand and supply.

Reason (R): Microeconomics studies the bahaviour of aggregates like national income, government budget etc.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – c)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Choice is the process of selection from available limited alternatives.

Reason (R): Resources are scarce and have alternative uses.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): How much to produce is not one of the dimensions of what to produce.

Reason (R): Rich or poor, developed or underdeveloped, every economy faces central problems

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – d)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Economics is the study of the management of human resources in the presence of scarcity of resources

Reason (R): Resources are not scarce always but they are scarce in relation to the human wants

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Microeconomics and macroeconomics are two branches of economics that are studied in isolation from each other.

Reason (R): In an economic sense, what applies in microeconomics doesn’t hold true in macroeconomics

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – d)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Positive science relates to the statements which are based upon a value judgment.

Reason (R): Every economic statement can be classified either as positive science or normative science.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – d)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Study of the central problem of ‘How to produce’ depends upon the problem of choice of ‘What to produce’

Reason (R): All the central problems of an economy are interdependent on each other.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation
of Assertion (A).
c) Assertion (A) is true but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is true.

Ans – b) 