Assertion Reason MCQs of Poverty Chapter Class 12

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Looking for Important Assertion and Reason MCQs (Questions) with answers of Poverty chapter of Macroeconomics class 12 of CBSE, ISC, UPSC and other state Boards.

I have compiled Assertion Reason MCQs as per the latest syllabus of 2021-22

Let’s solve.

Assertion Reason Multiple Choice Questions of Poverty Chapter Class 12

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Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Although there is a steady decline in poverty over the last two decades, but the total number of poor people has remained constant.

Reason (R): There has been a considerable growth in population.

Alternatives:-

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are True and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are True and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: Most of the small farmers are in a debt trap.

Reason: They borrow from money lenders, who charge high rates of interest, which push them into chronic indebtedness.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): While determining the poverty line, higher calorie intake is fixed for rural areas.

Reason (R): People in rural areas have to do greater physical work as compared to urban people.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are True and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are True and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: The average per capita daily requirement of 2400 calories in rural areas and 2100 calories in urban areas.

Reason: Because rural areas people do more labour in comparison to urban areas. That’s why more calories are required in rural areas.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: Absolute poverty is prevalent in developed economies

Reason: Most developed economies are industrialized economy

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – d)
Explanation:- Absolute Poverty is prevalent mainly in underdevelopled and developing countries.

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: National Food for Work Programme was launched in 2004 with the objective of creating self-employment opportunities in the rural areas.

Reason:- This programme was incorporated in Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in 2005.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – d)
Explanation:- Food for work programme was initiated for wage employment

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): The Poverty Alleviation Programmes have been found unsatisfactory.

Reason (R): Huge amount of resources have been allocated for Poverty Alleviation Programmes.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – c)
Explanation:- Poverty Alleviation Programmes was unsatisfactory as benefits was not reached to needy. No huge amount of resources allocted to poverty alleviation programme

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: From 2014, a scheme called Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana is available in which people in India are encouraged to open bank accounts.

Reason: Besides promoting savings habits, this scheme intends to transfer all the benefits of government schemes and subsidies to account holders directly.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Growth-Oriented approach to remove poverty proved to be quite effective.

Reason (R): Population growth resulted in very low growth in per capita incomes.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – d)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: Calories based norm is not adequate to identify the poor.

Reason: It groups all the poor together and does not differentiate between the very poor and the other poor.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: National Food for Work Programme was a self-employment Programme.

Reason: National Food for Work Programme was launched in 2004 as a wage Employment Programme.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – d)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: The main goal of planning in India is to promote rapid and balanced economic development with equality and social justice.

Reason: Poverty and unemployment are regarded as the major hindrances to the development of India.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are True and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are True and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: The poverty line is a cut-off point on the line of distribution, which usually divides the population of the country as poor and non-poor.

Reason: In the poverty line, a standard is fixed in terms of the maximum level of consumption.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – c)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: Government policies have failed to address the vast majority of vulnerable people who are living on or just above the poverty line.

Reason: High growth alone is not sufficient to reduce poverty. Without the active participation of the poor, successful implementation of any programme is not possible.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are True and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are True and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: Casual labourers are the most vulnerable in society.

Reason: Casual labourers don’t have a permanent earning facility and their earnings vary a lot. They can even lose their jobs with a slight dip in economic growth.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: Calorie based norm is not an adequate measure to identify the poor.

Reason: This method does not differentiate between the very poor and the other poor.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – (a)

Ans – a)
Explanation:- This mechanism takes into account expenditure on food and a few other items as a proxy for income. It ignores many other vital factors associated with poverty, for instance, the accessibility to basic education, health care, drinking water and sanitation.

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion: Poverty and unemployment are related to each other.

Reason: Unemployment leads to poverty

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is the correct explanation of Assertion (A)

b) Both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true and Reason (R) is not the correct explanation of Assertion (A).

C) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False

d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)
Explanation:- When unemployment prevails, people don’t get income. As a result, they are not able to get the necessities of life and they become poor. Unemployment gives birth to poverty. Therefore, there is a direct relationship between poverty and unemployment

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Anurag Pathak

Anurag Pathak is an academic teacher. He has been teaching Accountancy and Economics for CBSE students for the last 18 years. In his guidance, thousands of students have secured good marks in their board exams and legacy is still going on. You can subscribe his youtube channel and can download the Android & ios app for free lectures.

Articles: 2015

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