Assertion Reason MCQs of Infrastructure class 12 (IED)

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Looking for important Assertion Reason MCQS of Infrastructure chapter of Indian Economic Development class 12 CBSE, ISC and other state Board.

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Indian Systems of Medicine (ISM) can solve a large part of our health care problems.

Reason (R): ISM has lot of side effects and is very expensive.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – c)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Economic infrastructure and social infrastructure are interdependent on each other.

Reason (R): Infrastructure such as power, water, transport, communication, etc. are used as inputs for production in the directly productive sector.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – b)

Explanation:- Both economic and social infrastructure are interdependent and complementary to each other. While economic infrastructure fosters economic growth, social infrastructure enhances the quality of standard of living and thereby leads to the welfare of the economy as a whole.

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): There exist a positive correlation between economic growth and demand for energy.

Reason (R): Growth is an index of increasing productive activity, which requires a large quantity of energy.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): It is imperative to develop the status of both social and economic infrastructure.

Reason (R): It enhances overall productivity and expands the dimensions of economic development.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – b)

Explanation:- Social infrastructure plays an important role in both the economic development of a nation and the development of society’s quality of life. Social infrastructure enhances social well-being and furthers economic growth by providing basic services and facilities which allow businesses to develop and flourish.

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Non-conventional sources of energy are less used in the industries.

Reason (R): Non-conventional sources of energy pollute the atmosphere.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – c)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Government has launched the ‘National Infrastructure Pipeline’ for a period of 2020-2030.

Reason (R): The objective of the NIP is to provide equitable access to infrastructure to all.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – d)

Explanation:- The National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) is a group of social and economic infrastructure projects in India over a period of five years with an initial sanctioned amount of ₹102 lakh crore.

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Economic Infrastructure improves human productivity and efficiency through facilities of education, health, housing, etc.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – d)

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): Infrastructure is a support system on which the efficient working of a modern industrial economy depends.

Reason (R): The quality of transport and communication can affect healthcare.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – b)

Explanation:- Infrastructure contributes to the economic development of a country both by increasing the productivity of the factors of production and improving the quality of life of its people.

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): The health status of India has surpassed those of Europe and North America.

Reason (R): India still has a high birth rate as compared to developed nations. Frequent births of children adversely affect the health of mothers. Unhealthy mothers give birth to unhealthy children.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – d)

Explanation:- In developing countries, children are needed as a labor force and to provide care for their parents in old age. In these countries, the fertility rate is higher due to the lack of access to contraceptives and generally lower levels of female education.

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): The distribution of our existing health infrastructure is inequitable.

Reason (R): About 70 percent of India’s population lives in an urban area but only one-fifth of hospitals are located in urban areas.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – c)

Explanation:- Access to health care is very much asymmetric. between rural and urban India. While urban residents have a choice between public or private providers, the rural residents face far fewer choices.

Read the following statements: Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Choose one of the correct alternatives given below:

Assertion (A): There has been a reduction in the infant mortality rate in India.

Reason (R): Factors contributing to this slowing decline include the lower social, cultural, and health status of women in India. Thus, improving female education and nutrition, as well as increasing the use of health services during pregnancy and delivery would lower child mortality.

Alternatives:

a) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
b) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason (R) is not the correct
explanation of Assertion (A)
c) Assertion (A) is True but Reason (R) is False
d) Assertion (A) is False but Reason (R) is True

Ans – a)

Explanation:-

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Anurag Pathak

Anurag Pathak is an academic teacher. He has been teaching Accountancy and Economics for CBSE students for the last 18 years. In his guidance, thousands of students have secured good marks in their board exams and legacy is still going on. You can subscribe his youtube channel and can download the Android & ios app for free lectures.

Articles: 2015

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