[CBSE] Economics Syllabus class 12 (2023-24)

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Looking for the syllabus of Economics class 12 of CBSE Board for 2022-23 Session.

Syllabus of Economics class 12 CBSE Board (2023-24)

Theory – 80 Marks

Projects – 20 Marks

Part – AIntroductory Macroeconomics
Unit 1National Income and Related Aggregates1030
Unit 2Money and Banking615
Unit 3Determination of Income and Employment1225
Unit 4Government Budget and the Economy615
Unit 5Balance of Payments615
Part – BIndian Economic Development
Unit – 6Development Experience (1947-90)
and Economic Reforms since 1991
Unit – 7Current Challenges facing Indian Economy2050
Unit – 8Development Experience of India – A Comparison with
Theory Paper (40+40 = 80 Marks)80200
Part – CProject Work2020

Read Here:- Accountancy Syllabus class 12 CBSE Board 2023-24

Read Here:- Business Studies Syllabus class 12 CBSE Board 2023-24

Part A

Read Here:- [CBSE] TS Grewal Accounts Solutions Class 12 (2023-24)

Introductory Macroeconomics

Unit 1: National Income and Related Aggregates (30 Periods)

What is Macroeconomics?

Basic concepts in macroeconomics: consumption goods, capital goods, final goods, intermediate goods; stocks and flows; gross investment and depreciation.

Circular flow of income (two sector model); Methods of calculating National Income – Value Added or Product method, Expenditure method, Income method.

Aggregates related to National Income:- Gross National Product (GNP), Net National Product (NNP), Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Net Domestic Product (NDP) – at market price, at factor cost; Real and Nominal GDP,

GDP and Welfare.

Unit 2: Money and Banking 15 Periods

Money – meaning and supply of money – Currency held by the public and net demand deposits held by commercial banks.

Money creation by the commercial banking system.

Central bank and its functions (example of the Reserve Bank of India): Bank of issue, Govt. Bank, Banker’s Bank, Control of Credit through Bank Rate, CRR, SLR, Repo Rate and Reverse Repo Rate, Open Market Operations, Margin requirement.

Unit 3: Determination of Income and Employment (25 Periods)

Aggregate demand and its components.

Propensity to consume and propensity to save (average and marginal).

Short-run equilibrium output; investment multiplier and its mechanism.

Meaning of full employment and involuntary unemployment.

Problems of excess demand and deficient demand; measures to correct them – changes in government spending, taxes and money supply.

Unit 4: Government Budget and the Economy (15 Periods)

Government budget – meaning, objectives and components.

Classification of receipts – revenue receipts and capital receipts;

classification of expenditure – revenue expenditure and capital expenditure.

Balanced, Surplus and Deficit Budget – measures of government deficit.

Unit 5: Balance of Payments (15 Periods)

Balance of payments account – meaning and components;

Balance of Payments:- Surplus and Deficit

Foreign exchange rate – meaning of fixed and flexible rates and managed floating.

Determination of exchange rate in a free market.

Merits and demerits of the flexible and fixed exchange rate.

Managed Floating exchange rate system

Part B: Indian Economic Development

Unit 6: Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991: (28 Periods)

A brief introduction of the state of Indian economy on the eve of independence.

Indian economic system and common goals of Five Year Plans.

Main features, problems and policies of agriculture (institutional aspects and new agricultural strategy), industry (IPR 1956; SSI – role & importance) and foreign trade.

Economic Reforms since 1991:

Features and appraisals of liberalisation, globalisation and privatisation (LPG policy);

Concepts of demonetization and GST

Unit 7: Current challenges facing Indian Economy (60 Periods)

Human Capital Formation: How people become resource; Role of human capital in economic development;

Growth of Education Sector in India

Rural development: Key issues – credit and marketing – role of cooperatives; agricultural diversification; alternative farming – organic farming

Employment: Growth and changes in work force participation rate in formal and informal sectors; problems and policies

Sustainable Economic Development: Meaning, Effects of Economic Development on Resources and Environment, including global warming

Unit 8: Development Experience of India: (12 Periods)

A comparison with neighbours

India and Pakistan

India and China

Issues: economic growth, population, sectoral development and other Human

Development Indicators

Part C: Project in Economics (20 Periods)

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Anurag Pathak
Anurag Pathak

Anurag Pathak is an academic teacher. He has been teaching Accountancy and Economics for CBSE students for the last 18 years. In his guidance, thousands of students have secured good marks in their board exams and legacy is still going on. You can subscribe his Youtube channel for free lectures

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