What are final goods class 12, Definition, examples, notes, pdf

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Confused, What are the final goods in macroeconomics in the national income chapter as per the syllabus of class 12 CBSE, ISC, and State Boards

The final good is an important topic of the national income chapter of macroeconomics in class 12 CBSE Board.

In order to calculate National Income only the money value of final goods is taken into consideration.

In simple words, GDP is just sum total of the money value of final goods produced within the domestic territory of a country.

What do you mean final goods in economics class 12

Final goods refer to those goods which are used either for consumption or for investment. Such goods are not meant for resale.

It includes:

  • All goods (durable or non-durable) purchased by consumer households are final goods as they are meant for final consumption purposes.

for example:- tv, fridge, vegetables, electricity, food, etc.

on the other hand, goods purchased by production units (producer) for investment (for capital formation) purposes are termed as final goods.

for example, machinery, furniture, durable goods, etc.

Definition of Final Goods in Economics Class 12

“Goods and services purchased or own produced for the purpose of consumption of Investment are final goods or products.”

S.K Aggarwal

“Final goods refer to those goods which are used either for consumption or for investment”

Sandeep Garg

“Final goods are those goods that have crossed the boundary line of production and are ready for use by their final users (consumers and producers.”

T.R Jain

Examples of Final Goods

  1. tv purchased by households
  2. Machine purchased by Producers
  3. Food purchased by Households
  4. Computer purchased by Producers.

All purchases by household whether it is durable or non-durable goods and services termed as final goods.

As far as producers purchased is concerned. Only the purchase of capital goods is termed as final goods.

Further Reading

1.What is Macroeconomics
2.What are Goods in economics
3.What are Consumption Goods
4.What are capital goods
5.What are intermediate Goods
6.What is intermediate consumption
7.What are final Goods
8.What is Final Consumption
9.What is investment in economics
10. What is stock and flow
11.What are transfer payments
12.What is circular flow of income
13.What is Domestic Territory of a Country
14.What is normal resident of a country
15.Nominal GDP and Real GDP
1.What is GDP Deflator
2.What are externalities in economics
3.Limitations of GDP as a measure of welfare
1.Items to be included in National income
2.Items to be included in Domestic Income
1.National Income and Related Aggregates, formula, Definition, process
2.Value added Method, formula, Definition, process
3.Income Method, formula, Definition, process
4.Expenditure Method, formula, Definition, process
1.150+ Numerical of Value Added Method
2.150+ Numerical of Income Method
3.150+ Numerical of Expenditure Method
4. 150+ Numerical of National Income and related aggregates
1.250+ MCQs of National Income
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